Due to the slow onset of chronic bronchitis and the presence of an incubation period, the symptoms are not obvious and can be easily overlooked. It is relatively difficult to treat them after the disease has worsened. In order to make everyone aware of this disease, it is to let everyone realize the seriousness of this disease, prevent everyone from neglecting and not going to effective treatment, especially to introduce the harm that chronic bronchitis may bring to everyone.
Experts said that chronic bronchitis is a chronic non-specific inflammation of the trachea, bronchial mucosa and surrounding tissues. Its pathological features are bronchial gland hyperplasia and increased mucus secretion. Clinically, there are cough, sputum, or wheezing for more than two consecutive years and more than 3 months. Chronic bronchitis is not only the harm of the disease itself to human health. If it is not controlled in a timely and obvious manner, a series of complications will appear in a few years. Over time, these complications will prevail and will threaten the human body. Health and even life.
So what are the hazards of chronic bronchitis?
1. Tuberculosis is one of the hazards of chronic bronchitis. Active tuberculosis is often accompanied by symptoms such as low fever, fatigue, night sweats, and hemoptysis; the degree of cough and sputum is related to the activity of tuberculosis. X-ray examination can find lung lesions, sputum tuberculosis test positive, toxic symptoms of tuberculosis in the elderly is not obvious, often because of chronic bronchitis symptoms, long-term undetected, special attention should be paid.
Second, bronchiectasis. Occurs in children or adolescence, often secondary to measles, pneumonia or whooping cough, with repeated symptoms of massive pus and hemoptysis. Wet rales can be heard in the lower lungs. It is one of the hazards of chronic bronchitis. Chest X-ray examination deepened the bronchial shadows of the lower lungs. Curly shadows were seen in those with severe lesions. Bronchial lipiodol imaging showed columnar or cystic bronchiectasis.
3. Heart disease. The cough caused by lung congestion is often dry cough with little sputum. Detailed medical history can reveal signs of heart disease such as palpitations, shortness of breath, and edema of the lower extremities. Signs, X-rays, and electrocardiograms are all helpful for identification.
4. Lung cancer is also one of the hazards of chronic bronchitis. It often occurs in men over 40 years of age, long-term smokers, often with blood in the sputum and irritating cough. Chest X-ray examination of the lungs for block shadows or obstructive pneumonia. Sputum exfoliated cells or fiberoptic bronchoscopy can confirm the diagnosis.
The onset of the disease seriously affects the patient's quality of life. Everyone must pay attention to chronic bronchitis disease, so that early detection and early treatment can be achieved. The treatment of chronic bronchitis during the treatment of chronic bronchitis is very critical to the treatment of this disease, which can effectively promote the recovery of chronic bronchitis.
First, pay attention to the diet: Chronic bronchitis patients should eat light, avoid spicy meaty. Should quit smoking and drink more tea, because smoking will cause increased respiratory secretions, reflex bronchospasm, difficulty in sputum production, which is conducive to the growth and reproduction of viruses and bacteria, and further worsens chronic bronchitis. Tea contains theophylline, which can excite sympathetic nerves, dilate the bronchi and relieve cough symptoms.
Second, quit smoking: cigarettes can cause airway immune function to decline, the longer the smoking time, the greater the amount of smoking, the higher the prevalence. Tobacco and alcohol can damage the bronchial epithelium, easily irritate the respiratory tract and cause cough, which is detrimental to the treatment and prognosis of elderly chronic bronchitis. In addition, indoor ventilation should be strengthened to avoid the inhalation of harmful dust, smoke and harmful gases.
3. Respiratory muscle exercise: Respiratory muscle exercise can make respiratory muscles, especially diaphragm muscles strong and powerful, improve respiratory efficiency, promote sputum excretion, can mobilize the vitality of the whole body's immune system, reduce repeated bronchial, lung infections and acute attacks of inflammation. Patients with chronic bronchitis can usually do controlled deep breathing exercise, abdominal breathing exercise, lip contraction and other exercises.
4. Drink plenty of water: Patients with severe chronic bronchitis breathe open mouth, sweat more, eat less, often make the patient lose water, and make the sputum thick and not easy to spit out. Therefore, add water in time and increase fluid intake. Preventing dehydration is very important. It is necessary to encourage patients with chronic bronchitis to drink plenty of water; if patients can not eat and drink, intravenous fluids can be used, which is helpful to dilute sputum and promote the discharge of viscous sputum. Patients with chronic bronchitis with heart failure should drink moderate amounts of water.
Even if the long-term slow-branch patients are asymptomatic, it is recommended to do home oxygen therapy if conditions permit, which will delay the development of emphysema, improve pulmonary hypertension, and then delay the occurrence of pulmonary heart disease and improve the quality of life of patients! In short, home oxygen therapy is very beneficial to patients with chronic bronch it is!