Prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
1. Strengthen labor protection
Some high-risk occupations such as mining, tunnel construction, grain transportation, cotton spinning, papermaking, etc., long-term exposure to various types of dust or ammonia, chlorine and other volatile, irritating gases, eventually leading to COPD. Therefore, for these high-risk occupations, labor protection should be strengthened to reduce the inhalation of dust, smoke and harmful gases.
2. Quit smoking
Smoking is a major cause of COPD, with 70% to 80% of patients with COPD having a clear history of smoking. Quitting smoking and keeping away from second-hand smoke can prevent lung and airway damage from harmful substances in tobacco, and is the most effective means to prevent the development of COPD.
3. Respiratory exercise
Long-term adherence to respiratory exercise can significantly improve lung function, the main methods are abdominal breathing, lip breathing and so on.
4. Strengthen nutrition
Malnutrition is associated with low immune function and repeated pulmonary infection in patients with COPD, so their daily diet should be rich in nutrients, light and easy to digest. If the patient's appetite is not good, you can use a small meal.
5. Avoid fatigue and reduce stress
Usually exercise should be appropriate, slowly move, avoid shortness of breath, usually relax physically and mentally, do something you like, such as reading books, meditation, etc., so that you are in a natural and relaxed state.
How to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
The first is to quit smoking, the specific treatment is medical treatment, as well as non-medical treatment, such as smoking cessation, vaccination, rehabilitation, long-term oxygen therapy, surgery and interventional therapy. Medical treatment is the core and recommended for inhaled medication.
Long-term oxygen therapy is a basic therapy for patients with chronic respiratory system chronic hypoxia. It is mainly used in patients with chronic obstructive emphysema, accompanied by erythrocytosis, or pulmonary heart disease, or pulmonary hypertension. Long-term oxygen therapy can correct long-term hypoxic state; improve vital signs; reduce the occurrence of polycythemia; improve sleep and nocturnal hypoxia; help mental and energy recovery; improve systemic state. However, attention should be paid to indications, oxygen concentration and oxygen supply to prevent oxygen poisoning.